Resolving shareholder disputes


Shareholder Dispute Solicitors

Shareholder Dispute? Let us help!

Frequently, individuals investing in a company will have different shareholdings. For example, one of the business owners may be a minority shareholder, perhaps with regular involvement as a director.

The law says that a shareholder of a company can apply to the court for an order on the ground that the company’s affairs are being, or have been, conducted in a manner that is unfairly prejudicial to the interests of its shareholders generally or of some part of its shareholders.

We will listen to what has happened, and read the shareholder agreement (if there is one) and the Articles of Association. If we cannot settle the dispute by Alternative Dispute Resolution such as mediation, you can be confident we shall fight your corner.

For immediate advice about your shareholder dispute please call us now on 020 7467 3980, complete a Free Online Enquiry or email and we will be happy to help you and explain your options (no cost or obligation).

“Jeremy is like my IPhone. Always on hand to provide a quality service when you need it. Easy to use and you feel lost without it. Jeremy provides good quality advice and service at a reasonable cost.”

Chris Latos

“A person with an enterprising attitude says, ‘Find out what you can before action is taken.’ Do your homework. Do the research. Be prepared. Be resourceful. Do all you can in preparation of what’s to come”.
Jim Rohn.

Entrepreneurs are by necessity energetic people. They strive to make things happen fast. If they have a new idea they often want to steal the lead on competitors and maximise the advantage in the marketplace.

Quite often and somewhat understandably, their energy is poured into converting the idea (whether it’s a service or a product) into an income stream.

Jeremy Boyle, Specialist Shareholder Dispute Solicitor

Jeremy Boyle, Specialist Shareholder Dispute Solicitor

Sometimes the shareholders have been friends or even family members and so unfortunately the grey, mundane ‘legal stuff’ of Shareholder Agreements and planning the detail gets put to one side and overlooked. This is where specialist shareholder dispute solicitors come in.

“I was recommended to Jeremy Boyle of Summit Law by another firm of lawyers to advise on a bitterly contested and complex shareholders’ dispute where I and a business partner were minority shareholders. There were several parties involved and a lengthy trial ensued which I am very pleased to say we won. Summit Law fought tirelessly to win our case. I have no hesitation in recommending them.”
Peter Bass, ACCA former director and shareholder

What does Section 994 of the Companies Act 2006 say?

If you instruct Summit Law LLP, one of the first things our shareholder dispute solicitors will do is to consider the small print of the Company’s Articles of Association and any shareholder agreements.

Our shareholder dispute solicitors will then apply the background factual matrix against Section 994 of the Companies Act 2006.

This section states:-

“A member of a company may apply to the court…for an order….on the ground that the company’s affairs are being or have been conducted in a manner that is unfairly prejudicial to the interests of its members generally or of some part of its members…”

The reference to ‘member’ merely means shareholder and is an example of the draftsman’s legalistic style which even lawyers find difficult to fully interpret.

However in essence, Section 994 is attempting to protect minority shareholders, meaning those with a 50% shareholding or less in a situation where the majority shareholders are seeking to act in a way which is ‘unfairly prejudicial’ to the minority shareholders’ interest.

But what is meant by ‘unfairly prejudicial’ conduct?

There is an array of case law and legal authorities on precisely what conduct is classified as being ‘unfairly prejudicial’ and far too much to list here.

However, in essence it means that minority shareholders have the right to complain by petitioning the Court if the majority shareholder(s) run the company in a manner that damages their position and the value of their shareholding, often done deliberately and often by misapplying or misusing company assets.

Our shareholder dispute solicitors have seen instances where Claimant minority shareholders have complained that the majority shareholder is managing the business badly but this is usually insufficient as a ground for bringing a claim. The complaint must stand up to some sort of objective analysis. Some examples of ‘unfairly prejudicial’ conduct might be using the company’s assets for the personal benefit of a shareholder or the majority shareholder(s) paying themselves in excess than people in their position could objectively justify.

Other examples of conduct that may amount to ‘unfairly prejudicial’ conduct are:-

  • Abuses of power and breaches of the company’s articles;
  • The awarding by the majority shareholder to himself of excessive remuneration;
  • Exclusion from management in circumstances where there is a (legitimate) expectation of participation; and
  • The diversion of business to another competing company in which the majority shareholder holds an interest;


If you are a minority shareholder, you might think that the majority shareholder can use the company funds to fight the litigation. This is not the case and usually the Court’s view is that the majority shareholder should not be allowed to use company funds to litigate what in essence is a personal dispute.

Summit Law LLP takes a proactive approach in advising on funding litigation claims.

Derivative Claims

The relatively recently introduced Companies Act 2006, introduced the concept of ‘derivative claims’. Such a claim can be issued by a member of the company such as a shareholder, in the name of the company, if he has the permission of the court.

The relevant section is 260(3) of the Companies Act 2006. The claim can be brought for the following causes of action against a director of the company or a third party:

  • Breach of trust;
  • Breach of duty;
  • Default; or
  • Negligence

Directors’ duties have existed for a hundred years but the Companies Act 2006 has put the common law directors’ duties on the statute book and introduced several new duties. These include the duty to promote the success of the company (section 172), the duty to avoid conflict of interest (section 175) and the duty not to accept benefits from third parties (section 176). A material breach is actionable as a derivative claim by a shareholder or a group of shareholders.


Summit Law LLP works with some of the leading accountants who can assist with share valuation.

Who we help

  • Shareholders

Make An Enquiry Now

For more information please call us on 020 7467 3980, complete a Free Online Enquiry or email and one of our lawyers will contact you.

“I have known Jeremy for many years. I have instructed Jeremy on numerous matters and continue to do so. He is a Solicitor of the highest integrity, who pays a great deal of attention to every detail. I highly recommend Jeremy and his practice.”

Kevin Bishop